Scouting 101: Why arms end up in the bullpen
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After an offseason of digesting colossal amounts of information about prospects, all the major writers and publications have slapped together the culmination of that work: the almighty prospect list. They’re subjective masterpieces of intellectual sweat and generate lots of discussion (not to mention page views) for people inside and outside the baseball industry. But, now with spring training in full effect, it’s time to start the process all over again and begin amassing a new season’s worth of information.
One of the most important things front-office decision makers, scouts and experts take into consideration as they shuttle pitching prospects up and down their pro boards is whether or not the pitcher can stick in a rotation. Even the most elite relievers are only as valuable as decent mid-rotation starters, and the probability that a player will give you 200+ innings instead of 60 or 70 plays a huge part in how a prospect is valued in trade discussions. No farm director in his right mind would move a pitcher to the bullpen unless he absolutely needed to. While it is an unwanted change, it happens often simply because young pitchers have a litany of hurdles to clear in order to pitch every fifth day in the big leagues. I have compiled here a list of those hurdles, why they matter and a few examples of prospects who may have to clear them. When you head to your local minor-league park this season to see a pitcher who has question marks, now you’ll know what to look for.
Stick me in the bullpen sign #1: shallow repertoire
To pitch through a major-league lineup multiple times in a single outing requires at least three viable major league pitches. Not only does it give the pitcher another weapon with which to get hitters out, it allows the pitcher to get creative with sequencing, thwarts aging guess-hitters, and embogs the in-game adjustments that good hitters make. If one of those pitches is a change-up or splitter, then you’re also offsetting platoon issues. Of course, there have been and will be exceptions every now and then. Randy Johnson only used two pitches, but both of those graded out as an 80 on the scouting scale. Cole Hamels worked almost exclusively off his fastball and change-up early on in his career, but he was sporting plus-plus command for a while. It caught up to him, an he has since adjusted.
Stick me in the bullpen sign #2: poor control
Walk-happy pitchers don’t pitch very deep into games. They burn out in the fifth inning or so and force the manager to dip into the bullpen, which is now faced with the task of accruing 12 outs. When you start Jonathan Sanchez, you’re really starting Jonathan Sanchez and an inning or two of a bad reliever. The wear on the pen and the use of bad relievers make using starters with poor control a sub-optimal decision.
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